The Indonesian Anti Discrimination Movement (Gerakan Perjuangan Anti Diskriminasi-GANDI)

Asean Adopts Controversial Human Rights Declaration PDF Print E-mail
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Tuesday, 20 November 2012 12:03

Leaders of the 10-country Association of Southeast Asian Nations signed a much-awaited human rights declaration on Sunday in an effort to boost the protection of basic freedoms in the region. But human rights activists quickly slammed the declaration.

In particular the fact that it says that human rights are not absolute and must consider reasons of security, public order and morality as well as the regional and national context.

The critics said that such a provision would allow several members of Asean, which include a diverse range of political systems — from authoritarian regimes in Laos and Vietnam, to monarchies such as Brunei, to half-hearted democracies, such as Singapore and Malaysia, to freewheeling democracies in the Philippines and Indonesia — to violate rights principles.

In the last minutes before the document was finalized, Indonesia and the Philippines wanted to add a paragraph requiring members to enforce the declaration with a level of commitment accorded to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

“In applying this declaration, Asean will abide by, respect and apply universal human rights principles,” said Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa, after the leaders signed off on the joint declaration.

He said the declaration was a historic breakthrough for the grouping as it would require members to uphold rights in political, economic and socio-cultural life for the region’s 600 million people. “It’s a legacy for our children,” said Philippine Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario.

But critics said it allowed too many loopholes. “Our worst fears in this process have now come to pass,” said Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director for Human Rights Watch.

In September, Indonesian activists attacked a draft of the document, expressing concern over its approach to the limitation of rights; indigenous people’s rights; the right to an impartial and independent judiciary; non-derogable rights; public morality; self-determination; and sexual and reproductive rights.

On Sunday, Southeast Asian leaders also discussed the ethnic violence in Myanmar, where clashes in Rakhine state between Muslims and Buddhists have left 180 people dead since June.

Asean secretary general Surin Pitsuwan told AFP on Sunday that the violence was disturbing and risked destabilizing the region. He said Asean leaders would discuss the bloodshed and potentially include a statement referring to it in their end-of-summit communique.

The Asean event will be expanded into a two-day East Asia Summit starting today to include the leaders of the United States, China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand and Russia.

US President Barack Obama is due to arrive in Phnom Penh today after making a historic visit to Myanmar.

Obama decided to make the trip to Myanmar, the first by a sitting US president, to reward and further encourage political developments by the new reformist government there.

Jakarta Globe, Nov 20, 2012 - Additional reporting from AFP

Last Updated on Tuesday, 20 November 2012 12:19


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  • Kewarganegaraan Indonesia






    Product : buku7 | Buku Kewarganegaraan Indoensia | Price/Unit : 50.00 IDR
    DALAM kolom sorotan (Kompas, 18/2), Satya Arinanto menjelaskan, pokok pikiran yang membandingkan antara draf Rancangan Undang-Undang (RUU) Kewarganegaraan RI Departemen Kehakiman dan HAM dengan draf Panitia Kerja Pengkajian Diskriminasi (GANDI) dan Forum Komunikasi Kesatuan Bangsa (FKKB).Dalam kesempatan ini, penulis ingin menanggapi tulisan itu dan menjelaskan secara garis besar pokok-pokok pikiran dari draf RUU Kewarganegaraan yang telah disampaikan kepada Badan Legislasi DPR tanggal 14 Februari 2002.Beberapa pokok pikiran yang kami kemukakan, sebenarnya merupakan koreksi kritis atas Undang-Undang (UU) Nomor 62 Tahun 1958 sekaligus Rancangan UU (RUU) Kewarganegaraan RI Departemen Kehakiman dan HAM, yang meliputi prioritas penggunaan asas kewarganegaraan, status kewarganegaraan RI, hak dan kewajiban warga negara, kesetaraan status hukum warga negara perempuan dan pria, pembuktian kewarganegaraan RI, dan beberapa pemikiran tentang hak asasi manusia dan aspek tranparansi dalam penyelenggaraan kewarganegaraan RI.Warga negara secara kolektif merupakan salah satu fundamen penting keberadaan suatu negara, sehingga sudah selayaknya mendapat kepastian dan jaminan hukum yang layak dari negara. Seorang warga negara Indonesia harus mendapat jaminan perlindungan dan kepastian hukum atas hak-hak yang dimiliki, sekaligus kewajiban-kewajiban yang menjadi tanggung jawabnya sebagai warga negara dari suatu negara. Setiap warga negara harus memiliki suatu jaminan kepastian hukum yang dapat membedakan seorang warga negara dengan penduduk atau warga negara dari negara lain di negara RI.Meski sebenarnya merupakan ikhtisar UUD 1945 dan peraturan perundangan terkait, setidaknya pokok pikiran inilah yang mendasari panitia kerja (Panja) untuk memberikan dasar hukum yang layak bagi pengaturan Hak dan Kewajiban Negara dalam RUU Kewarganegaraan yang diajukan. Sehingga secara sistematika, suatu undang-undang Kewarganegaraan RI akan mampu menjawab siapa dan apa konsekuensinya (hak dan kewajiban) bila menjadi warga negara. (Kompas,13 Maret 2002)

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    Unlike Indonesians of Arab or Indian descent, Chinese Indonesians are required to have a document that proves they are Indonesian citizens. Whenever Chinese Indonesians deal with the bureaucracy, they are obliged to produce this document. It is an integral part of their administrative experiences of birth, marriage and death. They need it to get an identity card, to enrol in an educational institution, to obtain a business license and to get a passport.Known by the acronym SBKRI, this document is compulsory for all Chinese Indonesians of 21 years of age or over, even if they were born in Indonesia to parents who were already Indonesian citizens. There is no equivalent document for other Indonesians, who simply have to show their identity card and their birth certificate. In practice, the SBKRI is a mark of ethnicity – for which Chinese must pay dearly – that passes down through the generations without end.Cultural violence.(Inside Indonesia 95,Jan-Mar 2009)

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